Most of us, at least once in in our lives must have experienced some pain, sometimes sharp and shooting and at times mild, in our joints or muscles. We often call it a sprain, muscle strain or even a muscle pull. Seldom do we realize the underlying cause for the condition. In more technical parlance the above conditions can be due to a ligament tear, tendon rapture, muscular contraction, cartilage degeneration, dislocated bone or a pinched nerve. The field of medicine which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the above conditions is known as orthopedics. It is a term coined by French physician Nicholas Andre. Thus, any injury to our bodyâ€™s musculoskeletal system requires specialized attention by an orthopedic physician. One of the most common reason why we visit an orthopedic is a fractured bone. The other reasons could include a sports injury- tennis elbow, runners knee- or even a chronic condition like arthritis, osteoporosis, spondylolysis etc. The treatment of such conditions ranges from physical therapy in the form of musculoskeletal exercises, physiotherapy. However, recent advances in the field of medicine has made surgery a viable and safe option. An orthopedic surgeon is skilled and trained in the domain of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal aspects of our body. Specialized procedures like joint replacement, bone deformation correction, hip replacement are now possible. Thus, the specialized field of orthopedics in medicine has been a boon to humankind as it takes care of the wear and tear of the basic structures of the human body.